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Though the GSM system has a wider reach as compared to the old analog network, it needs to connect to other cell sites in order to sustain a much wider reach for its subscribers. The BTS Base Transceiver antenna are the structures that connects mobile phone users to the network, it is interconnected with each other to create a chain for a continuous network presence. Also known as radio Base Station, it consists of a cellular transmission and receiving unit and signal processors and amplifiers. In making a voice call or a text message, these stations are the first ones to receive it and then send it to the main network. The quality of the calls and the promptness of the messages are based on how these stations process the information. Due to the high traffic of voice and data calls coupled with the ever growing number of subscribers, technology for the stations has been upgraded for faster reception and transmission of calls and messages. If the process is too slow, the network may put up another station to ease up on the traffic. A BTS can also transfer an active call to another station in real time. An example is if a call originated from a moving vehicle, the nearest BTS will then receive it. But if the vehicle has moved too far away from the receiving station it then automatically searches and transfer the call to the station nearest the moving vehicle to avoid being cut off.

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